E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Special Session on Energy Geotechnics|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
A coupled hydro – mechanical approach for modelling the volume change behaviour of compacted bentonite
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, EPFL, Station 18, Lausanne, Switzerland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The volumetric response of compacted bentonites against environmental actions is a key aspect in most designs of nuclear waste repositories. The safety assessment of such repositories must account for robust and reliable models of stress–strain for bentonites. While many models for unsaturated low activity clays take advantage from the use of a generalized effective stress, its application to expansive soils has not found the same degree of success. One of the possible reasons is the complex water retention behaviour of these materials, which only recently has been successfully reproduced by numerical models. Here, by adopting an appropriate water retention model, a coupled hydro-mechanical approach to simulate the volume change behaviour of compacted bentonites is suggested. An explicit distinction between interlayer adsorbed water and capillary water is used to simulate the water retention behaviour. It is then shown that by using a precise water retention formulation, the volumetric behaviour can be interpreted within an effective stress–degree of saturation based framework. Some interesting results derived from the use of the effective stress include the shrinkage limit, the increase in stiffness of the elastic regime and the use of a single elastic coefficient for both wetting–swelling and reloading stress paths.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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