E3S Web Conf.
Volume 205, 20202nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics (ICEGT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Minisymposium: Shale and Clay Behavior for Energy Production and Nuclear Waste Disposal (organized by Alessio Ferrari and Russell T. Ewy)|
|Published online||18 November 2020|
A numerical study on the coupled hydro-mechanical behaviour of compacted bentonite
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Understanding the mechanical behaviour of compacted bentonite upon re-saturation is of outmost importance in most designs of nuclear waste disposal repositories. The behaviour of bentonite is characterized by its stress-path dependency and it is typically interpreted on the basis of its microstructural interactions. Up to now, effective stress-based models have had limited success in reproducing consistently the main responses. Here a recently proposed model for the modelling of volumetric behaviour of compacted bentonites is extended to triaxial stress states. The model is formulated using a conventional effective stress expression and the degree of saturation. Because these two variables are directly related to the water retention, a suitable formulation for bentonites is used. The resulting equations are characterised by a high degree of hydro- mechanical couplings and a low number of material parameters, which can be obtained on the basis of well- established laboratory procedures. In order to demonstrate its capabilities, the model is used to simulate the behaviour of MX-80 bentonite for several stress paths under oedometric conditions. The emphasis is put on the process of parameter determination. The predictive capabilities of the model are also highlighted.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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