E3S Web Conf.
Volume 197, 202075th National ATI Congress – #7 Clean Energy for all (ATI 2020)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Internal Combustion Engines|
|Published online||22 October 2020|
1D numerical study on hydrogen injection enabling ultra-lean combustion in a small gasoline Spark Ignition engine
Istituto Motori CNR, Naples, Italy
2 Independent Researcher, Catania, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper deals with the effects of hydrogen port injection on combustion evolution, efficiency and exhaust emissions of a small turbocharged gasoline Spark-Ignition engine through a 1D numerical code. First, the experiments on the base engine architecture are performed at different speeds and at low/medium loads. The experimental findings are used to validate a 1D model of the whole engine, developed within a commercial code. 1D model is also refined with “user-defined” sub-models for an accurate description of the in-cylinder phenomena, namely turbulence, combustion, heat transfer, and emissions. In a second step, 1D model is virtually modified through the installation of an hydrogen injector in each intake runner, while the combustion sub-model also accounts for the impact of hydrogen addition on the laminar flame speed through a dedicated correlation. 1D simulations are performed at low/medium loads and fixed speed of 2250 rpm with 5% of hydrogen by volume in the intake air. Numerical investigations show that hydrogen addition to gasoline/air mixtures allows relevant efficiency benefits (up to a maximum percent gain of 19%), while the NO emissions are almost eliminated. Consequently, hydrogen-boosted combustion represents a potential solution to achieve very high efficiency and reduced pollutant emissions of gasoline spark ignition engines equipped with a conventional combustion system.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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