E3S Web Conf.
Volume 197, 202075th National ATI Congress – #7 Clean Energy for all (ATI 2020)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Internal Combustion Engines|
|Published online||22 October 2020|
Application of the Sectional Method to Investigate Particle Number and Soot Mass in Ethanol and Gasoline Fueled Premixed Spark Ignition Engines
Department of Engineering “Enzo Ferrari”, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vivarelli 10, Modena 41125, Italy
2 R&D CFD S.R.L., Via Tacito 59, Modena 41123, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Emission modelling is still a timely topic in the engine research community. Soot emission reduction has gained its spotlight among the pollutants-related issues mainly due to the renewed interest in Gasoline Direct Injection. The conjunction of experimental measurements and numerical investigations provides an effective tool to cope with the constant evolution of the emission regulations. Thus, numerical models must be validated over a wide range of engine operating points and fuels. To this aim, the Sectional Method was applied to investigate Particulate Matter and Particle Number produced during combustion in a premixed spark ignition engine using 3D-CFD. Soot-related quantities were investigated for different values of equivalence ratio (from 1.0 up to 1.5) as well as for different fuels. Three different fuel types were examined: a commercial nonoxygenated American gasoline (TIER-2), a commercial Chinese gasoline (CHINA-6) with ethanol 10 %vol and pure Ethanol (E100). A detailed chemistry-based tabulated approach was exploited to compute a dedicated soot library, for each of the analyzed fuels, by means of 0D chemical kinetic simulations using a constant pressure reactor approach. Numerical results were compared to a database of experimental measurements collected from literature. The sooting tendency threshold dependency on equivalence ratio was also investigated and the results showed that the ethanol is the less sooting among the examined fuels, while the non-oxygenated gasoline exhibited the highest soot mass and Particle Number. This paper provides a CFD-based benchmark for soot mass and Particle Number for three fuel types with largely different chemical nature.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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