E3S Web Conf.
Volume 201, 2020Ukrainian School of Mining Engineering - 2020
|Number of page(s)
|23 October 2020
Improvement of the bitumen extraction technology from bituminous sand deposits
1 Poltava National Technical Yuri Kondratyuk University, Department of Oil and Gas Exploitation and Geotechnics, 24 Pershotravnevyi Ave., 36011 Poltava, Ukraine
2 Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Division of Mineral Resource Acquisition, 7 Wybickiego St., 31-261 Krakow, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Today considerable experience in the development of tar sands is accumulated. However, well-known mining technologies do not cover the entire depth range of natural bitumen deposits. In addition, there are significant energy-intensive technologies and negative environmental impacts. In view of this, the purpose of this work is to improve the method of extracting natural bitumen in site for a deposit interval of 75 – 200 m and to substantiate the basic technological scheme of this method. The proposed method of extracting bitumen from poorly cemented reservoirs in the depth range of 50 – 400 m provides: creation of artificial mine working; the transfer of the rock into the water mixture composition under the action of high pressure jets of a heated mixture of water, a hydrocarbon solvent and a flotation agent; separation from the rock and concentration of bitumen in the production as a result of its heating, dissolution and flotation; selection of depleted bitum slurry from the mine working by gas lift method. The proposed method of extracting bitumen is the transfer of the rock at the site of its occurrence to the suspension condition on the excavation created by the hydraulic production method, separation and concentration of bitumen by dissolving it with a heated hydrocarbon solvent and a flotation agent (hydrocarbon reagents), and extraction in the composition of depleted rock slurry to the surface by the gas lift method. As the preliminary calculations show, the proposed method will allow the efficient extraction of bitumen and highly viscous oil from weakly cemented reservoirs in the depth range of 50 – 400 m. Also, the proposed technology creates the preconditions for the development of oil sands at a depth of 75 – 200 m since there is currently no effective technology for the interval. In addition, it can significantly reduce energy costs, environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
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