E3S Web Conf.
Volume 202, 2020The 5th International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Renewable Energy Development|
|Published online||10 November 2020|
The Effect of Grinding on Biogas Production from Rice Husk Waste During Solid State Anaerobic Digestion (SS-AD)
1 Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia
2 Environmental Science, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia
3 Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Biogas technology solves the problem of energy crisis. Biogas is a renewable and environment friendly fuel (Franthena, 2015). This study aims to determine the optimum value of grinding size variations in biogas production with the solid state anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) method of biogas production from rice husk waste. We divide the method used into four stages, namely, the testing phase of total rice content, solids, preparation phase, operation phase, and results analysis. The rice husk waste used for this study came from the Rowosari area. We accept rice for preliminary treatment with chemical pretreatment (NaOH). We soaked rice husk with a concentration of 6% NaOH for 24 hours as a control variable. Milling variations used as physical pretreatment are 10 mesh, 18 mesh, 35 mesh, 60 mesh. We used bioreactors with a volume of 200 ml. We observed all biogas reactors produced every two days for ± 60 days of research. The results showed that the reactors with 10 mesh, 18 mesh, 35 mesh, 60 mesh milling variations obtained a total biogas yield of 11.688484; 9,479955; 12.50772; 19,03718 ml / grTS until the 60th day. The control reactor (without grinding variations) produced 9,084606 ml / grTS. The highest biogas production level is 60 mesh with a value, (A) 19.03718 (ml / grTS); the rate of biogas production (U) 0.2416979 (ml / gr TS.day); and the minimum time for biogas formation (λ) is 3.83908 days.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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