E3S Web Conf.
Volume 205, 20202nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics (ICEGT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Hydraulic Fracturing and Unconventional Hydrocarbons|
|Published online||18 November 2020|
Deep learning for extracting micro-fracture: Pixel-level detection by convolutional neural network
Yonsei University, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Hydraulic stimulation has been a key technique in enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) and the recovery of unconventional hydrocarbon resources to artificially generate fractures in a rock formation. Previous experimental studies present that the pattern and aperture of generated fractures vary as the fracking pressure propagation. The recent development of three-dimensional X-ray computed tomography allows visualizing the fractures for further analysing the morphological features of fractures. However, the generated fracture consists of a few pixels (e.g., 1-3 pixels) so that the accurate and quantitative extract of micro-fracture is highly challenging. Also, the high-frequency noise around the fracture and the weak contrast across the fracture makes the application of conventional segmentation methods limited. In this study, we adopted an encoder-decoder network with a convolutional neural network (CNN) based on deep learning method for the fast and precise detection of micro-fractures. The conventional image processing methods fail to extract the continuous fractures and overestimate the fracture thickness and aperture values while the CNN-based approach successfully detects the barely seen fractures. The reconstruction of the 3D fracture surface and quantitative roughness analysis of fracture surfaces extracted by different methods enables comparison of sensitivity (or robustness) to noise between each method.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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