E3S Web Conf.
Volume 205, 20202nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics (ICEGT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Hydraulic Fracturing and Unconventional Hydrocarbons|
|Published online||18 November 2020|
Effect of fracture orientation on ultrasonic wave signatures
University of Vermont, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 33 Colchester Ave, Burlington, VT, 05405
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Fluid flow through low-permeable rock masses is dominated by transport through discontinuities such as fractures, faults, and joints present in the rock. These discontinuities are beneficial for some geo-resources such as geothermal, oil and gas reservoir, but detrimental for other applications such as CO2 storage and hazardous waste isolation. Fracture orientation plays a critical role during the design of the geo-resources. Often times, ultrasonic waves are used in the field to locate and characterize the fractures. In this study, the effect of fracture orientation (0° to 90°) on ultrasonic wave signatures was investigated by conducting a series of experiments on a granite rock with a longitudinal fracture under confining pressures of 15, 30, and 45 MPa. Ultrasonic wave signatures during the experiment were collected using the ultrasonic transducers embedded in the core holders that were attached to the two ends of the specimen. Results indicated sensitivity of the ultrasonic wave velocities, waveforms, and amplitudes (cross-polarized S-waves) to the fracture orientation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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