E3S Web Conf.
Volume 205, 20202nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics (ICEGT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Minisymposium: Solid-Fluid Interactions in Emerging Energy Geo-Systems (organized by Shahrzad Roshankhah and Seunghee Kim)|
|Published online||18 November 2020|
Reliable estimation of hydraulic permeability from 3D X-ray CT images of porous rock
1 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
2 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta U.S.A
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The hydraulic permeability is a key parameter for simulating the flow-related phenomenon so that its accurate estimation is crucial in both experimental and numerical simulation studies. 3D pore structure can be readily taken by X-ray computed tomography (CT) and it often serves as a flow domain for pore-scale simulation. However, one encounters the challenges in segmenting the authentic pore structure owing to the finite size of image resolution and segmentation methods. Therefore, the loss of structural information in pore space seems unavoidable to result in the unreliable estimation of permeability. In this study, we propose a novel framework to overcome these limitations by using a flexible ternary segmentation scheme. Given the pore size distribution curve and porosity, three phases of pore, solid, and gray regions are segmented by considering the partial volume effect which holds the composition information of unresolved objects. The resolved objects such as solid and pore phases are taken to equivalently solve Stokes equation while the fluid flow through unresolved objects is simultaneously solved by Stokes-Brinkmann equation. The proposed numerical scheme to obtain the permeability is applied to Indiana limestone and Navajo sandstone. The results show that the computed hydraulic permeability is similar to the experimentally obtained value without being affected by image resolution. This approach has advantages of achieving consistent permeability values, less influenced by segmentation methods.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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