E3S Web Conf.
Volume 205, 20202nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics (ICEGT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Minisymposium: Shale and Clay Behavior for Energy Production and Nuclear Waste Disposal (organized by Alessio Ferrari and Russell T. Ewy)|
|Published online||18 November 2020|
Influence of bentonite type and producing method on hydraulic conductivity of sand–bentonite mixture
1 Waseda University, Japan
2 Hazama Ando Corporation, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Sand-bentonite mixtures with bentonite content of 10-30% had been planned to handle low-level radioactive waste in Japan, because of its low permeability. Hydraulic conductivity of sand–bentonite mixture depends on the bentonite type, bentonite content, initial water content, and other factors. Given this background, falling head permeability tests were conducted on sand–bentonite mixture by varying the compaction energy for specimen preparation, initial water content (10–20%), and bentonite content (15– 30%). For these tests, the hydraulic gradient of 25-500 was set. Consequently, the hydraulic conductivities were 10-8 – 10-13 m/s for all tested conditions. Correlation between the hydraulic conductivity and the effective montmorillonite dry density (montmorillonite mass divided by the sum of montmorillonite, air, water volume), which is often used to correlate the hydraulic conductivity of bentonite, was found. Correlation was also found between the hydraulic conductivity and a new index designated as the effective montmorillonite wet density (sum of montmorillonite and water mass / sum of montmorillonite, air, water volume). Effective montmorillonite wet density reveals differences in the specimen structural distribution through consideration of the initial water content.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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