E3S Web Conf.
Volume 206, 20202020 2nd International Conference on Geoscience and Environmental Chemistry (ICGEC 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Earth Climate Change And Environmental Chemical Pollution Control|
|Published online||11 November 2020|
Allelopathic effect of Chitosan Fiber on the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa
1 College of Chemical Engineering and Material, Tianjin University of Science &Technology, TEDA, Tianjin 300457, PR China
2 Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, (Tianjin University of Science & Technology), Tianjin, 300457
Cyanobacterial bloom elimination has become an urgent concern in aquatic environment protection. Allelopathic technology, however, is one of the potential effective approaches because of its exclusive and ecological safety protection. The potential application of chitosan fiber in the inhibition of Microcystis aeruginosa was explored for the first time. Results showed that the cell growth of M. aeruginosa was inhibited effectively by chitosan fibers. After 12 days of treatment, the inhibition rate (IR) of algal cells was above 78.9%; those of chlorophyll a and carotenoids in algal cells were 86.9% and 93.1%, respectively; those of phycocyanin, allophycocyanin and phycoerythrin in phycobiliproteins were all approximately 100%; those of soluble proteins and algal toxins were 88% and 100%, respectively; and those of superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were 68% and 74%, respectively. In addition, chitosan fiber effectively destroyed the structure of algal cells involved in the photosynthetic process, thereby destroying the metabolic activity of algal cells. This study provides a novel method utilizing a new allelopathic material.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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