E3S Web Conf.
Volume 210, 2020Innovative Technologies in Science and Education (ITSE-2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Biotechnology and Food Technology|
|Published online||04 December 2020|
Certain aspects of African countries food security provision
1 Saint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, 67, Bolshaya Morskaia str., 190000, Saint Petersburg, Russia
2 Donetsk National Technical University, 58, Artema str., 83000, Donetsk, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Analysis of the African countries food security demonstrate significant aggravation of the situation in several countries to the south of the Sahara. Conflicts, social inequality, high level of poverty against the background of a rapid population growth, unfavorable climatic conditions as well as ineffective government policy in the field of providing the population with foodstuff were determined as the main causes of population undernourishment. In Africa, due to low incomes of the population, most of the food ration consists of cereals and a small part of meat, fish and dairy products. It was revealed that African countries are the net importers of foodstuff, with cereals accounting for the largest part of imports. It was noted that international experts forecast foodstuff and fodder demand increase in these countries. It was defined the African region can potentially become one of the promising sales markets for Russian producers of grain crops and agricultural products. The results of the study are aimed at overcoming the problem of starvation, economic backwardness and improving the living standards of the African continent population, as well as developing an economic toolkit for the interaction of the Russian Federation with African countries.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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