E3S Web Conf.
Volume 210, 2020Innovative Technologies in Science and Education (ITSE-2020)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Plant Growing and Cereal Grain|
|Published online||04 December 2020|
Improving the efficiency of early table beet cultivation in the North-West region of Russia
1 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM", 196625, branch in 3, Filtrovskoje Shosse p.o. Tiarlevo, RU, Saint Petersburg, Russia
2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Vegetable Center", 143072, branch in 14, Selektsionnaya st., Odintsovo, village VNIISSOK, RU, Moscow region, Russia
3 Privat Farm Bykov Alexey Dmitrievich, Leningrad region, Kirovsky district, municipal settlement Priladozhskiy, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The appearance of the first marketable root crops with a diameter of more than 50 mm, categorized as elite, in the North-West region of the Russian Federation, may already occur by the end of the third decade of June. The crop price during this period is at least twice the one during mass harvesting. The price depends on the product’s presence on the consumer’s market as well as on weather conditions in the regions of traditional suppliers. In some years, the price can differ by a factor of 3-4. By the time of mass harvesting using traditional technology, the number of elite root crops does not exceed 50%. In order to assess the effectiveness of the proposed early beets cultivation technology, the studies were carried out in the economic conditions of the farm, Leningrad region on the area of 3 hectares. According to the research results, the proposed technology allows to reach 3.3-fold increase of the root crops yield, which are to be sold fresh through the retail network, compared to the traditional one. The gross income using the proposed technology, calculated for sales prices of 2019, amounted to 384.6 thousand rub/ha against 125.2 thousand rub/ha using traditional cultivation techniques.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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