E3S Web Conf.
Volume 220, 2020Sustainable Energy Systems: Innovative Perspectives (SES-2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||16 December 2020|
Temperature modes of the contactor contacts during the test for the limiting breaking capacity
Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov, 428015, Chuvash Republic, Cheboksary, Moskovsky pr. 15
2 Cheboksary Electrical Device Plant, Russia, 428020, Chuvash Republic, Cheboksary, I. Yakovlev Ave. 5
3 Electropribor Plant AO, Alatyr, Russia, 429820, Chuvash Republic, Alatyr, pl. Octyabrskoy Revolucii pl. 23.
4 Alatyr Branch of the Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov, 429820, Russia, Chuvash Republic, Alatyr, Pervomayskaya st. 70
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The processes of electric arc quenching of an electromagnetic contactor during testing for ultimate breaking capacity are considered. The conditions for facilitating the successful arc quenching when turning off the limiting currents are shown: by reducing the phase shift between current and voltage, by reducing the amplitude of the restriking and recovery voltages. The processes of anode heating during arcing (heat saturation mode), after the change of polarity and transition of the current through zero, processes on the cathode in the temperature equalization mode are considered. The mathematical models of cathode thermal processes adressed the heat fluxes of the ionic component and evaporation. The mathematical models of anode thermal processes in the temperature equalization mode took into account the heat fluxes of the ionic component, thermionic emission, and evaporation. The calculations were carried out for the averaged values of thermophysical coefficients for copper, since the arc base moves from the contacts to the contact holders, which are made of copper or its alloys. The calculation results showed that the used mathematical models of thermal processes are appropriate both for the cathode and for the anode. This was confirmed by the results of previously performed and published experimental and theoretical studies of thermal processes at the switching contacts of electrical devices.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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