E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 222, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “Development of the Agro-lndustrial Complex in the Context of Robotization and Digitalization of Production in Russia and Abroad” (DAIC 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Modern Directions of Highly Productive Environmentally Friendly Agro- and Water Management, Development and Implementation of Systems for the Rational use of Modern Chemical and Biological Protection of Agricultural Plants and Animals, the Use of New Drugs, Growth Agents, Antidepressants, Immunostimulants, Probiotics and Feed Additives|
|Published online||22 December 2020|
Effect of the total fraction of Bacillus subtilis GM5 lipopeptides on the growth parameters and formation of the bacterial microbiota of broiler chickens
1 SRL “Microbial biotechnologies”, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
2 Laboratory “Extreme biology”, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
3 Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics of the Kazan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kazan, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Intestinal microbes play a key role in the energy metabolism of broiler chickens, participate in the development of the gastrointestinal tract, including the regulation of intestinal epithelial proliferation, vitamin synthesis and ion absorption, fermentation of carbohydrates and proteins, biotransformation of bile acids, protection from pathogens and modulation of the immune system. Metagenomic analysis of the gastrointestinal microbiota allows to find approaches to improve the growth and productivity of chickens by introducing a diet based on beneficial bacterial strains or their secondary metabolites. In this paper, we studied the effect of the total fraction of Bacillus subtilis GM5 lipopeptides on the growth parameters and formation of bacterial communities in the caecum of cross Cobb 500 broiler chickens. It was found that the addition of bacillary lipopeptides to the feed resulted in an increase in chicken weight by 12.7% and a decrease in feed conversion by 6.36% compared to the control (P < 0.05). It was also shown that the introduction of a feed additive in the form of a lipopeptide fraction modulates the structure of the bacterial microbiota of the caecum of chickens. Thus, the proportion of classes Bacteroidia, Negativicutes, Betaproteobacteria, Epsilonproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, Synergistia in the caecal microbiota of chickens of the experimental group increases, and the proportion of Clostridia, Methanobacteria decreases in comparison with the control.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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