E3S Web Conf.
Volume 226, 2021The 1st International Conference on Bioenergy and Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Technology (ICoN BEAT 2019)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||05 January 2021|
Utilization of Tofu Industry Waste and Banana Plant Waste for Growing Medium of Brown Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus cystidiosus [Jacq. Fr.] P.Kumm.)
1 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogo Mas no.246. Malang 65144, Indonesia
Brown oyster mushroom is one of the consumption mushrooms with high economic value, so it is important to be cultivated commercially. Several types of plant and industrial wastes, such as dried banana leaves and tofu dregs, are available abundantly in the field. The waste has the potential to be used as medium for growing consumption mushrooms. This is because dried banana leaves and tofu dregs contain enough nutrients needed for the growth and development of oyster mushrooms. The study aimed to determine the growth response and yield of brown oyster mushrooms by giving various doses of dried banana leaves and tofu dregs flour. The research was carried out using factorial completely randomized design. First factor: dosage of tofu flour: 50 g per baglog, 150 g per baglog, and 250 g per baglog. Second factor: dosage of dried banana leaves, without dried banana leaves, 100 g dried banana leaves per baglog, and 250 g dried banana leaves per baglog. The results showed that the treatment of addition of tofu dregs flour with dried banana leaves interacted very significantly in the number of mushroom caps, diameter and thickness of the caps, the length of the mycelium, the fresh weight of the fungus, and biological efficiency.
Key words: Biological efficiency / fungus / nutrient / waste
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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