E3S Web Conf.
Volume 226, 2021The 1st International Conference on Bioenergy and Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Technology (ICoN BEAT 2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||05 January 2021|
Variability of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici from different altitudes in East Java, Indonesia
1 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogomas no 246 Malang 65145, East Java, Indonesia
2 The Center of Biotechnology Development, University of Muhammadiyah Malang
3 Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, 50 Thanon Ngamwongwan, Lat Yao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fusarium wilt disease attacks the tomato plants, and Solanaceae plants with losses can reach 90 %. Thus, this disease was tough to control. The morphology and pathogenicity variation caused failure disease control. Both variations could be affected by the altitude of the planting site. Therefore, it also required special handling of management as well. The specific objectives of this study to investigate the Fusarium isolate from different altitude response of physical properties (acid-base pH, low-high temperature, and fungicides of other active ingredients) and growth rate of Fusarium. All Fusarium sp. were isolated from the leaves, soil, roots, and stem of infected tomato plants. Before a series of tests were carried out, all of the isolates were tested for pathogenicity, then tested for the influence of abiotic factors. This study obtained four isolates from high altitude, four isolates from medium altitude, and five lowland isolates. In morphological observations, there were striking differences in colony color and growth rate among isolates on several media and pathogenicity tests. Each isolate had different pathogenicity, although from the same location but other parts of the plant. Knowing the characteristic morphology and Fusarium sp. response of the three areas can be used as references in controlling.
Key words: Isolates / pathogenicity variation / solanaceae / wilt disease
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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