E3S Web Conf.
Volume 226, 2021The 1st International Conference on Bioenergy and Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Technology (ICoN BEAT 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||05 January 2021|
Modified Off–Season Technology to the Flowering Time and Fruit Yield of Arumanis Mango (Mangifera indica L.)
1 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogomas No.246, Malang 65144, Indonesia
2 Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang
3 Department of Earth Science, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, 15 Karnjanavanich Rd., Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand
The purpose of this study was to observe the technology of mango fruit production at off-season used growth regulators. The research was conducted with three treatments namely: i) Paclobutrazol dosage (control, 5 mL L–1 per tree, 10 mL L–1 per tree and 15 L–1 per tree). ii) Ethephon dosages (0 mL L-1 per tree, 400 mL L–1 per tree, 600 mL L–1 per tree and 800 mL L–1 per tree) that applied 1 mo after paclobutrazol addition. iii) Paclobutrazol (P) and organic fertilizer (F) application in combination as follows: (control, 5 mL + 10 kg, 10 mL + 15 kg, 15 mL + 20 kg) Randomized Completely Block Designed (RCBD) with five replications was used. The results indicated that i) Paclobutrazol application accelerated the flowering age, shortens the panicle length, and increased fruit yield of the tree. ii) Giving Ethephon accelerated the flowering period, enhanced both the panicles number and yields. The treatment of ethephones 600 mL L–1 produced the highest fruit weight, 182.60 kg, respectively iii) The Paclobutrazol and organic fertilizer application indicated significantly (p < 0.05) to the panicles number and the fruit weight yield is higher than the control.
Key words: Ethephon / forcing / organic fertilizer / paclobutrazol / ripener
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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