E3S Web Conf.
Volume 233, 20212020 2nd International Academic Exchange Conference on Science and Technology Innovation (IAECST 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||NESEE2020-New Energy Science and Environmental Engineering|
|Published online||27 January 2021|
Review of Remediation Technologies for Cadmium in soil
1 Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225000, China
2 East China of University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200000, China
Heavy metal pollution in soil has seriously affected the living environment of human beings. Among all heavy metal pollution, cadmium (Cd) is one of the most difficult to migrate pollutants in soil. In China, more than 11 provinces and 25 regions are rich in cadmium in the soil. At present, many researchers are looking for a proper Cd pollution remediation method. Through literature review and comparative analysis, this study summarized the main repair methods, including physical repair (digging and filling, electro kinetic remediation, frozen soil remediation technology, stabilization technology), chemical curing technology (chemical healing technology, chemical extraction), bioremediation technology (Phytoremediation technology, microbial remediation technology, animal repair technology), and joint repair (Chelating agent phytoremediation, microbial remediation). Finally, we explored the principles of these methods and compared their advantages and disadvantages. It was found that the application and selection of different treatment technologies depended on Cd rich soil area, Cd pollutant content, treatment time and other factors. In the future, the remediation of soil cadmium pollution should be scientifically selected according to the local actual situation and pay attention to the joint application of various methods.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2021
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