E3S Web Conf.
Volume 233, 20212020 2nd International Academic Exchange Conference on Science and Technology Innovation (IAECST 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||BFS2020-Biotechnology and Food Science|
|Published online||27 January 2021|
CRISPR/Cas9-based genome engineering in HIV gene therapy
140 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston College, MA, 20467
In recent years, the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated nuclease (Cas) technology has become the most heated genome editing technique. Comparing to earlier genetic engineering methods, the CRISPR/Cas system is more advantageous due to its simple convenient design, high efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and the ability to perform multi-sites editing simultaneously. As the most effective gene editing tool, it utilizes a simple short RNA-guided mechanism to direct Cas-mediated DNA cleavage at the target genome locus and exploits the endogenous DNA repair pathways to achieve site-specific gene modifications. Initially discovered as a part of the bacterial adaptive immune system, the CRISPR/Cas system has now been widely used to study a broad range of biological genomes. Besides its contribution to our understanding of the basic genetic science, the application of the CRISPR/Cas system also expands rapidly into the medical fields, showing great potentials in the research of genetic diseases, viral infectious diseases, and cancers. In this review, the latest research progress of CRISPR/Cas technology is summarized based on its development, mechanism, and application in HIV/AIDS intervention. This review also examines the existing weaknesses and the future prospects of this promising technology.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.