E3S Web Conf.
Volume 233, 20212020 2nd International Academic Exchange Conference on Science and Technology Innovation (IAECST 2020)
|Number of page(s)
|HCCE2020-Hydraulic, Civil and Construction Engineering
|27 January 2021
Analysis on Impact of Land Use Change on Urban Waterlogging Caused by Floods
1 School of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2 Shanghai Institute of Disaster Prevention and Relief, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In recent years, ultra-high-intensity rainfall at home and abroad has caused frequent urban waterlogging disasters, posing a severe threat to people’s lives, property and city’s safety. Based on the satellite image data of Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone in different periods and the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM), this paper establishes a model of heavy rainfall under the underlying surface of a complex city, and analyses topographic features, different land use types, rainfall infiltration intensity and the characteristics of the drainage pipe network. The rainwater accumulation under different rainstorms and urbanization levels is simulated and analysed. The research results show that urban rainstorm accumulation is closely related to land use changes. With the increase of surface impermeability and rainfall intensity, the risk of waterlogging in the study area tends to increase: From 1994 to 2019, the construction area has increased from 2.5096km2 to 5.8662km2 in the study area. Compared with 1994, under the same rainfall conditions, the simulated flooding node and runoff coefficient in 2019 both increased significantly.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2021
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