E3S Web Conf.
Volume 329, 20214th International Conference on Green Energy and Sustainable Development (GESD 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||09 December 2021|
The effect of global warming to California water cycle
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California-Davis, California, United State
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
As global warming, climate variability becomes more and more extreme, and the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events are also increasing. Climate change has changed the hydrological cycle, and its change trend has put forward a severe test for the management of world water resources. Climate change has effects on several components of the water cycle, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, snow and snow cover, glaciers, and frozen soil. This essay analyses the vulnerability of California's various systems to climate change. California's water cycle model is particularly vulnerable to global climate change. In the past hundred years of California, the average precipitation has decreased with fluctuation; the average temperature has increased; extreme weather phenomena have occurred frequently; the evaporation of the water surface has decreased gradually; the temporal and spatial distribution of runoff has changed greatly; and glaciers have accelerated retreat. California's hydrological cycle is consistent with global water cycle change but also exhibits more complicated regional characteristics, with large spatial differences among watersheds.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.