E3S Web Conf.
Volume 238, 2021100RES 2020 – Applied Energy Symposium (ICAE), 100% RENEWABLE: Strategies, Technologies and Challenges for a Fossil Free Future
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||16 February 2021|
Geothermal power plants with improved environmental performance: assessment of the potential for an Italian site
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
2 Department of Chemical Engineering and Clean Energy Research Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Geothermal energy is a clean resource, which could significantly contribute to the reduction of greenhouse and other gas emissions by replacing fossil fuels for power generation. In many geothermal sites, the resource contains substantial Non-Condensable Gases (NCGs: CO2 and contaminants), whose emissions can be limited to developing power plant schemes suitable for complete resource reinjection. Organic Rankine or other closed-loop cycles are definitely favored in this light. This work investigates a solution for complete NCG reinjection in the liquid-dominated reservoir conditions typical of the Monte Amiata area (Italy), referring to the specific site of Torre Alfina (IT) which presents a specific attractiveness because of its high pressurization. The solution considered avoids flashing the resource and thus presents an appealing environmental performance. The power plant models include energy and exergy balances, as well as exergo-environmental analysis. The overall environmental performance is evaluated by a simplified (preliminary) Life Cycle Analysis (LCA). Different solutions are compared, considering the possibility of sub- or super-critical power cycles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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