E3S Web Conf.
Volume 238, 2021100RES 2020 – Applied Energy Symposium (ICAE), 100% RENEWABLE: Strategies, Technologies and Challenges for a Fossil Free Future
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||16 February 2021|
Comparison of Batteries and Pumping Hydro with PaTs as energy storage technologies for a micro-hybrid generation system: Multi-objective optimization through a MILP algorithm
Free University of Bozen - Bolzano, Faculty of Science and Technology, Piazza Università 5, 39100 Bozen Bolzano, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Small-scale hybrid energy systems are often composed by different power production technologies and adopted in mini-grids. In this work, a Mixed Integer Linear Programming optimization algorithm has been developed to compute the optimal scheduling of a micro-grid constituted by Internal Combustion Generators (ICGs) and a Storage System that can be either a conventional battery storage system or a Pumping Hydro energy Storage (PHES) based on Pump-as-Turbines. The algorithm computes the optimal energy generation scheduling of the micro-grid, minimizing a multi-objective fitness function constituted by the total costs of the energy system and the total CO2 and NOx emissions. In particular, the emissions are modelled with varying trends depending on the ICG load and not with constant values, which represents a simplification that is often adopted but that can induce misleading results. Furthermore, the algorithm takes into account all the physical constraints related to the generators and the storage system, such as maximum and minimum power generation, ramp-up and ramp-down limits and minimum up and down-time. The two energy storage technologies are compared and results show that a management strategy based on this algorithm can reduce significantly the total emissions of the system.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.