E3S Web Conf.
Volume 238, 2021100RES 2020 – Applied Energy Symposium (ICAE), 100% RENEWABLE: Strategies, Technologies and Challenges for a Fossil Free Future
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Batteries and Electric Storages|
|Published online||16 February 2021|
Oxygen reduction approaches for fire protection to increase grid Li-ion BESS safety
Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, Via G. Duranti 93, Perugia 06125, Italy
2 VGA. S.r.l., Via U. Foscolo 1, San Nicolò di Celle – Deruta (PG) 06053, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Li-ion battery is the most diffused technology among electrochemical energy storage systems. Installed capacity forecasts suggest a strong growth in the next years with renewable energy utilization to meet decarbonization purposes. Over 20 fire incidents in grid systems where reported during the last years in Korea and United States, with negative repercussions in market and social acceptance. Thermal runaway results as the recurring high impact failure effect. A novel concept to prevent Li-ion battery fires in grid installations could be represented by the realization of an oxygen-deficient atmosphere inside the containers. This novel approach is presented and discussed with reference to the framework of battery fire protection and the application of oxygen reduction.
Key words: energy storage / Li-ion batteries / regulatory issues / system safety / oxygen reduction systems
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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