E3S Web Conf.
Volume 244, 2021XXII International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies (EMMFT-2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Bioeconomy and Low Carbon Development|
|Published online||19 March 2021|
“Garbage reform” in Russia and the introduction of a new tax payment
1 Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Stremyanny per., 36, Moscow, Russia
2 Moscow Region State University, Vera Voloshina St., 24, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Why does Russia need “garbage reform”? This reform was a consequence of the adopted strategy for environmental safety of Russia until 2025. This document recognized the existing problem with garbage and outlined ways to solve this problem. At the moment, about 30 billion tons of waste have accumulated at Russian landfills. More and more landfills are overcrowded, and garbage is almost not involved in secondary circulation and is not recycled. The construction of new landfills means, among other things, the use of land not for farming, but for creating dumps. This cannot go on indefinitely. The environmental safety strategy assumes that with the help of the “garbage reform”, it is possible to solve such tasks as increasing environmental safety, recycling more waste for secondary use, reducing the burden on the environment, creating a unified system of collection, transportation, processing and disposal of waste in the country, and gradually move to a ban on the disposal of waste that has not been sorted, as well as to mechanical and chemical treatment. The subject of study is the reform of waste disposal. The purpose of the study is to identify the negative impact of garbage waste on the environment. Methodology. To study the topic, objects of waste disposal and the share of their processing were examined. Results - it is planned to completely change the waste collection and disposal system in Russia.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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