E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)
|Performance Assessment and Characterization
|29 March 2021
Development of a data-driven model to characterize the heat storage of the building thermal mass in energy planning tools
1 Energy and Process Engineering Department, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
2 Department of Electric Power Engineering, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway
3 SINTEF Energy Research, Trondheim, Norway
4 SINTEF Community, Oslo, Norway
* Corresponding author : email@example.com
In the one hand, energy planning tools compute the cost-optimal investment in the energy system minimizing life cycle costs (LCC). These tools often consider optimal control. The building (or cluster of buildings) is represented by a node where the time profiles of energy demands are given as inputs. The indoor temperate in buildings is typically not considered and may even be difficult to define for a cluster of buildings. Secondly, to perform optimization, the model of the energy system is often linear (e.g. using MILP). In the other hand, the building thermal mass has proven to be a cheap and large source of energy flexibility. Therefore, there is a need for a linear model of the building thermal dynamics when there is a limited knowledge of the indoor temperature. Consequently, the paper proposes a model that tracks the change of indoor temperature and space-heating power rather than their absolute values: the model focuses on the deviations from the reference energy profiles given as input. This framework gives a simple model that is less dependent on the boundary conditions (i.e. the weather, user behaviour and internal gains). In addition, a second-order model is proposed to characterize the transfer function. The model has only four parameters, which simplifies its identification. The model is validated using detailed building performance simulation, namely IDA ICE, on a Norwegian wooden detached house during demand response (DR).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.