E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Indoor temperature conditions and energy demand of a Finnish detached house in a changing climate
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland
2 Weather and Climate Change Impact Research, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
3 Smart City Center of Excellence, TalTech, Tallinn, Estonia
4 College of Urban Construction, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study investigated the effect of passive strategies (orientation, thermal mass of building structure, window opening, and window properties) and the usage of an active cooling system on energy demand and indoor temperature conditions of a detached house in Finland in the current (TRY 2012) and future climatic conditions (2050). So that nine different cases were defined and simulated. The goal was to improve the indoor temperature conditions in the cooling season and analyze the effects of global warming on energy demand. Regarding the results of passive strategies, in the current climate, using openable windows would be the best solution for decreasing the cooling demand and providing acceptable indoor air temperature of the spaces. In this case, 96% of the time in the cooling season, the indoor temperature is below the maximum recommended indoor temperature (27 °C) of the thermal environment category III of the standard EN 15251 and EN 16798–1. While using an active cooling system in the hall of the upper floor, it is the only studied solution that can provide thermal comfort in all the spaces during the cooling season in both current and future climate based on the standards. In the future 2050 climate, the heating demand decreases much more than the amount of increase in the cooling demand. So that the total electricity demand of electrically heated detached houses in the future climate would be less than in the current climate.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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