E3S Web Conf.
Volume 252, 20212021 International Conference on Power Grid System and Green Energy (PGSGE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Energy Technology Research and Development and Green Energy-Saving Applications|
|Published online||23 April 2021|
Study on acoustic source characteristics of distributed optical fiber acoustic wave monitoring buried natural gas pipeline leakage
1 Zhanjiang Branch, CNOOC Ltd, Zhanjiang, Guangdong, 524000, China.
2 CNOOC Ener Tech-Dilling & Production Co, Tianjin, 300000, China.
3 State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploration, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610500, China.
4 Northwest Sichuan Gas Mine of Southwest Oil and Gas Field Branch, CNPC, Mianyang, Sichuan, 621700, China.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In order to study the leakage of buried natural gas pipeline caused serious environmental pollution and human casualties, the acoustic propagation characteristics of buried natural gas pipeline leakage monitored by distributed optical fiber were studied. At present, the research on the leakage of buried pipeline mainly focuses on the propagation of sound waves along the pipe wall, while the study on the propagation of sound waves in the soil is still lacking. The acoustic attenuation of acoustic wave propagation in soil by the size of leakage hole and leakage pressure is studied, and the evolution process of acoustic wave in soil is revealed. The conclusion is that the acoustic source of buried natural gas pipeline leakage belongs to broadband noise, and the acoustic energy of leakage is prominent in the low frequency band of 15kHz. The lower frequency, the higher sound pressure level. The oscillation of the sound pressure level attenuates with the increase of frequency. Fiber optic monitoring of buried natural gas pipeline leakage early warning provides theoretical support for the conclusion. The sound pressure level in low frequency band is of great significance for buried pipeline leakage monitoring.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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