E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Genetic Resources Are the Basis of Selection and Seed Production in the Development of Organic Agriculture|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
Promising directions in the selection of peach, apricot and nectarine
FSBIS “Order of the Red Banner of Labor Nikitsky Botanical Gardens - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, 298648 Yalta, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The collection of stone fruit crops (peach, apricot and nectarine) was analyzed in accordance with their belonging to certain ecological-geographical groups and ecotypes. The most valuable characteristics were determined, sources of economically valuable properties were identified, and included in crossbreeding combinations for intraspecific and interspecific hybridization. Methods of radiation and chemical mutagenesis were used in the selection of peach and apricot. New genotypes with different levels of susceptibility to common diseases have been created. As a result of breeding, new varieties of stone fruit crops selected by NBG were introduced into the Register of Plant Varieties of the Russian Federation: 28 peaches, 3 nectarines, 15 apricots.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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