E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Genetic Resources Are the Basis of Selection and Seed Production in the Development of Organic Agriculture|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
Some results of breeding in the genus Ribes L. in the Asian part of Russia
1 Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, 127550 Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Federal Altai Scientific Centre of Agro-Bio Technologies, 656910 Barnaul, Russian Federation
3 Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 450054 Ufa, Russian Federation
4 Institute of Strategic Studies of Bashkortostan Republic, 450008 Ufa, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Black currant is the main berry crop due to the rich biochemical composition of the fruit, winter hardiness, early fruitfulness, high yield, unpretentiousness in reproduction and cultivation. The purpose of the work was to summarize the results of the work on black currant breeding in the breeding centers of the Urals and Siberia. The article reflects the historical development of black currant breeding in Asian Russia. Academician M.A. Lisavenko developed a strategy for creating varieties of three types by origin, combining valuable economic and biological traits in hybrids. Varieties of the first type are obtained from crosses of Western European varieties created on the basis of Ribes nigrum var. europaeum Jancz., with the variety ‘Primorsky Champion’ (R. dikuscha Fisch. ex Turcz.). The second type of varieties is obtained from crossing selected forms of R. nigrum var. sibiricum W. Wolf with the variety ‘Primorsky Champion’ (R. dikuscha). The third type of varieties is derived from the crossing of forms and varieties of two varieties of R. nigrum – R. nigrum var. europaeum and R. nigrum var. sibiricum W. Wolf. The main assortment of black currant in the Asian part of Russia was created by scientists at the Novosibirsk Zonal Horticulture Station, at the Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia n.a. M.A. Lisavenko and Bashkir Research Institute of Agriculture. Systematic improvement of the assortment is the main way to increase the intensity of gardening and increase the production of berries. The contribution of breeders to the creation of adapted varieties is shown.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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