E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Genetic Resources Are the Basis of Selection and Seed Production in the Development of Organic Agriculture|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
Promising garden plum varieties of Krymsk EBS, VIR Branch breeding for prunes production
Krymsk Experiment Breeding Station of VIR, N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Krymsk, Krasnodar Region, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the garden plum assortment of Russia, until recently there was an almost complete absence of varieties with fruits suitable for making high-quality prunes, which prevented expansion of the production of this valuable product. This necessitated the selection of garden plum varieties suitable for prunes production in a number of scientific institutions of the country, including the Krymsk EBS, VIR Branch. As a result of the works carried out at the station, the following results were obtained: In the gene pool of garden plum, Yubileynaya Sochinskaya and Blufry varieties were allocated. They combine high qualities of fruits for preparing prunes with good adaptability to the climatic conditions of South Russia, which have been used as selectionally valuable traits sources in programs of new dry fruit varieties’ creation. High-tech dry-fruit plum varieties combining adaptability with productivity and high prunes quality were selected; 8 of them are included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. For different cultivation technologies of new plum varieties, zoned clone rootstocks bred on Krymsk EBS, VIR Branch are recommended: medium-grown drought-resistant with good trees’ root system anchoring (for mechanized fruit harvesting) - Zarevo, Evrika 99, Druzhba; small-grown - VVA 1, VSV 1, Best.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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