E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Botanical Gardens, Arboretums - Centers for the Study and Conservation of Biodiversity|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
The possibility of using new varieties of essential oil plants in medicinal plant production
1 Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science “Nikitsky Botanical Garden of Order of the Red Banner of Labor - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 298648 Nikita, Yalta, the Republic of Crimea, Russian Federation
2 Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute - branch of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation», Kalinina Ave., 11, 357532 Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai, Russian Federation
3 North Caucasus Federal University in the city of Pyatigorsk, 40 let Oktyabrya Str., 56, 357500 Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The collection of plants grown in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden is an inexhaustible source of plant resources. One such resource species is Thymus vulgaris L. Being a perennial, the species is traditionally used as an aromatic, essential oil and medicinal plant. Thyme herb is described as a medicinal raw material in many pharmacopoeias. Essential oil and phenolic compounds, which are considered the main active ingredients of this raw material, are a source of antiviral, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and other therapeutically significant activities of drugs created on its basis. The purpose of the presented research was to study the essential oil and develop some indicators of the quality of raw materials (herbs) of the new essential oil variety Thymus vulgaris cv. ‘Fantasiya’ cultivated in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. As a result of the study, it was found that this variety of thyme allows to get 40 kg of essential oil per hectare, with a high content of the main components - thymol and carvacrol. Some indicators of the raw materials quality, as well as the qualitative composition of the essential oil and the quantitative content of the components identified in it, were determined.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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