E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Botanical Gardens, Arboretums - Centers for the Study and Conservation of Biodiversity|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. and Artemisia annua L. in the collection of aromatic and medicinal plants of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden
1 Nikitsky Botanical Garden of Order of the Red Banner of Labor - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikitsky Descent, 52, 298648 Nikita, Yalta, the Republic of Crimea, Russia
2 Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute - branch of the FSBEI HE VolgSMU of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russia, Kalinina Avenue, 11, 357532 Pyatigorsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article presents the results of the study of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. (paniculate wormwood) and Artemisia annua L. (annual wormwood), grown in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (NBG-NSC RAS). The Nikitsky Botanical Garden is the originator of Artemisia scoparia cv. varieties. Tavrida and Artemisia annua cv. Novichok, which are included in the Register of varieties of Russia allowed for distribution in the south of Russia. Both varieties are of interest as resource varieties having a significant potential for use as sources of essential oil, biologically active compounds, as well as aromatic and medicinal. Analysis of samples of the aboveground part of plants showed that the maximum content of essential oil in Artemisia scoparia accumulates at the end of flowering (1.78±0.15% of the dry weight), and in Artemisia annua – at the beginning of flowering (2.95-3.14% of the dry weight). In addition, the essential oil of Artemisia scoparia is a valuable source of polyacetylene compounds (capillin, capillene), and the aboveground part of Artemisia annua is a source of artemisinin sesquiterpene lactone.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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