E3S Web Conf.
Volume 258, 2021Ural Environmental Science Forum “Sustainable Development of Industrial Region” (UESF-2021)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Psychology of Environmentally Responsible Behavior|
|Published online||20 May 2021|
The modern crisis of European culture and historical cognition
1 International Professor Club (Italy) 97100, via Velardo, 35, Ragusa, Italia
2 Ingush Research Institute named after Ch.E. Akhrieva 7 I. B. Zyazikov Ave., Magas, Republic of Ingushetia, 386001, Russia
3 Pskov State University, 2, Lenin Place, Pskov, 180000, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The Article studies the reasons for loss of historical knowledge of the leading position in the humanities knowledge system in the crisis epoch of the European Culture at the beginning of the twentieth century. It is concluded that its main reason was the failure of the idealistic romanticism value system to form an elite adequate to social challenges. It has led to social disturbances and a large-scale reappraisal of values. Historical knowledge was put on the back burner by the new social sciences. Based on the concept of cynical reason of Peter Sloterdijk, the continuance of the current position of historical knowledge in culture with respect to its position at the beginning of the twentieth century is shown. It is concluded that today the most popular element of historical knowledge is an event available for direct experience. The reason for this situation is the cynicism of culture, understood as an inability to evaluate and act. The motive of parting with the past has acquired an unambiguously positive sound, having the other side of an enthusiastic anticipation of the future. The idea that the “old” times have passed, and the “new” modernity precedes with an even more “modern” times - “post-modernity”, is present not only thematically, but defines the discourse everywhere, including media reports, advertising, everyday communication, etc. The question concerning place of history and historical knowledge from the very beginning was one of the central questions discussed in connection with the crisis.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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