E3S Web Conf.
Volume 258, 2021Ural Environmental Science Forum “Sustainable Development of Industrial Region” (UESF-2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Environmental Protection and Pollution Control|
|Published online||20 May 2021|
Problems and monitoring the spread of the ecologically dangerous plant Heracleum Sosnowskyi in urbanized areas and methods to combat it
1 St.Petersburg State Agrarian University, Peterburgskoe shosse, 2, St. Petersburg-Pushkin, 196601, Russia
2 A.F. Mozhaysky’s Military-Space Academy, Zhdanovskaya Naberezhnaya, 13, St. Petersburg, 197198, Russia
3 Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University, Polytechnicheskaya, 29, St. Petersburg, 195251, Russia
4 Agrophysical Research Institute, Grazhdansky pr., 14, St. Petersburg, 195220, Russia
5 LLC «Gazprom pererabotka Blagoveshchensk», p. Gazoprovod, p. Sosenskoe, Moscow, 108814, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article contains information on the breeding of Heracleum Sosnowskyi for cultivation as a forage crop in the post-Soviet period. Information about the ecological danger of the spread of this plant is given. Its juice contains furocoumarins, which, when exposed to human skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays, cause serious burns on the surface of the body. The article presents materials testifying to the increased adaptability of the Heracleum Sosnowskyi to the habitat conditions and its high fertility. The spread of Heracleum Sosnowskyi in urban areas (in parks, playgrounds on undeveloped lands, etc.), as well as in rural settlements of the country, due to the environmental hazard for people, leads to the removal of land from economic circulation. The authors of the article have established the regions and reasons for the spread of Heracleum Sosnowskyi in the European part of Russia. The substantiation of the monitoring of lands for the registration of habitats of this dangerous for the ecosystem is given. The article provides information on assessing the extent of the spread of Heracleum Sosnowskyi in the territory using remote sensing using unmanned aerial vehicles. The article discusses measures to combat Heracleum Sosnowskyi.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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