E3S Web Conf.
Volume 258, 2021Ural Environmental Science Forum “Sustainable Development of Industrial Region” (UESF-2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Energy Efficiency in Construction|
|Published online||20 May 2021|
Organization of safe execution of works with the use of trapping nets
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 129377, Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The organization of ensuring safe execution of building and assembly works when erecting and reconstructing buildings (structures) of various purposes based on the application of trapping nets to prevent industrial injuries in case of human or items falling from height is presented. Structural layout of a safety (catching) device with pivotally mounted brackets and a freely hanging net was considered. Appearing dynamic loads in case of items falling on trapping nets depending on impact acceleration were theoretically identified. It was found out that a trapping net with pivotally positioned brackets additionally reduces deceleration loads in relation to devices with rigidly fixed brackets and their use is more effective for cases of men falling with insignificant forward velocity. Bench and shop tests of trapping devices were carried out with the purpose of checking compliance of selected theoretical models, selection of developed options of designs and schematic diagrams, differentiation of reaction of capron and lavsan net materials from action of impulse loads. Test key results confirming matching of experimental data with presented theoretical models were showed. It was established that dynamic overloads depend both on a bracket position angle as well as on a place of an item falling into net, the value of pitch of deflection of net cloth made of lavsan and capron materials is almost similar and characteristics of values of their displacement under dynamic loads from a falling item are identical.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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