E3S Web Conf.
Volume 263, 2021XXIV International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2021)
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Section||Reliability of Buildings and Constructions and Safety in Construction|
|Published online||28 May 2021|
Regulation of the flow in the area of the damless water intake
Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article discusses the results of numerical studies of the flow of the Amudarya river above the point of the damless water intake to the head structure of the damless water intake to the Karshi Main Canal-KMC. The system of two-dimensional equations of hydrodynamics-Saint-Venant is used as the basis of the mathematical model. In this work, a series of calculations of the field of currents in the river channel during low-water periods is carried out. Below are the main research results and proposals for ensuring the stable operation of the damless water intake in low-water conditions. The applicability of a numerical model composed of the equations of shallow water -the vector equation for the conservation of momentum and the scalar equation for the conservation of mass, has been proved, when describing a flow with the presence of circulation zones, which is typical when the water flow is constrained by blind dams. In this case, the solution pulsates around a certain average value, and the average length of the circulation zone behind the sudden expansion of the open flow is in good agreement with laboratory experiments. Numerical studies have shown that the device of a jet-guiding dam 150 m above the water intake gate in the CMC is more effective than when the dam is located 250 m above. In essence, dam № 2 with a length of 65 m does not affect the conditions at the water intake in the KMC at all, and dam № 2 with a length of 120 m is almost equivalent in its impact on the flow to dam №1 with a length of 50 m. Analysis of the results shows that the placement of an additional threshold in the Amudarya river bed improves the situation by raising the water level at the water intake. The threshold is flooded even at low water levels, which reduces the speed load on its body. At the same time, the threshold is located directly at the beginning of the channel, in part to protect the intake from incoming sediment, and high enough speed water glistening over the threshold in line, ensure the transit of sediment that can reduce enters the intake. Such measures will reduce the turbidity of water entering the channel. This, in turn, reduces the intensity of the silting process.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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