E3S Web Conf.
Volume 263, 2021XXIV International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Global Environmental Challenges|
|Published online||28 May 2021|
Ecology of Moscow urban agglomeration: problems and the ways of solving
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present paper approaches the current ecological issues of Moscow urban agglomeration, including Moscow, the capital city of Russia, and Moscow region as well as the ways in which these issues could be solved. In the course of research, there have been used system and complex approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, abstraction, generalization, mental simulation, the methods of observation, comparison, statistical methods, and visualization. It was noted that the significant concentration of population in Moscow urban agglomeration leads to the population overflow and acute ecological problems on the given territory. Currently, ecological system of Moscow urban agglomeration represents the collective of interrelated and interconnected natural, anthropogenic and techno genic components. Techno genic and anthropogenic causes of environmental pollution, such as urban planning, industrial enterprises, power plants, transport, communication systems, domestic rubbish and wastes, have been studied in details. Also, there was given comparison of ecological situation of Moscow urban agglomeration, from one side, and the Netherlands, the Tula and Kursk regions of Russia, from the other side. Then, the transition to the search of new way of solving of ecological problems is done. As the most effective methods of ecological problem solving and reducing anthropogenic impact on environment, there were proposed: the lowering of migration flows into Moscow urban agglomeration, the use of renewable energy sources, non-waste technologies, construction of rubbish recycling plants and treatment facilities, liquidation of unauthorized disposal fields, substitution of the combustion engine transport by the transport with electrical engines.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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