E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Hydraulics of Structures, Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation Construction|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Filtration reliability and safety of earth-fill dam
1 Tashkent institute of irrigation and agricultural mechanization engineers, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 GUP «Suvloyiha» Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The study of the reliability and safety of the constructed earth-fill dams and the comparison with their design and calculated data makes it possible to improve the structures and methods of the calculation substantiation of these structures. This work aims to study the filtration reliability and safety of the earth-fill dam of the Channel water reservoir of the Tuyamuyun hydroelectric complex (THC) on the Amu Darya River, which was put into exploitation in 1984. Field studies were carried out according to the traditional method using results of control and measuring equipment (CME) embedded in the body of the dam. The water levels of the upper and lower reaches, piezometers, and drainage water flow were measured. The maximum water levels upstream of 130.00 were observed in July-August and November 2017, and the minimum of 117.50 at the end of March. The water levels downstream depend on the value of the discharge through the hydrosystem. The maximum level downstream for 2017 was 112.55 m (01.06.2017) with a flow rate of 2000 m3/s. The minimum level downstream of 109.15 m was observed on November 29, 2017, when the discharge into the downstream through the hydroelectric complex was 260 m3/s. A tendency to an increase in the level of the bottom downstream was found. Filling and depletion graphs of the Channel water reservoir have been built, from which it is found that they reached 2.00 m/day, and 1.60 m/day, respectively. This is 4 and 1.6 times more than the standard 0.5 m/day and 1.0 m/day. Of the 53 piezometers, 34 are working conditions; the rest do not work, require flushing. Graphs of water level changes in piezometers show that they change with an average 15-20 day delay in the water level in the Channel water reservoir. In general, the natural depression curve is below the design one. The maximum filtration flow rate was 63.3 l/s at a water level in the upper pool of 129.00.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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