E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Mechanization, Electrification of Agriculture and Renewable Energy Sources|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Methodology for substantiation of technical and economic indicators of PSPP in energy water management systems of Uzbekistan
Tashkent state technical university, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In our country, a lot of attention is paid to the development of the energy sector. A lot of work is underway to modernize existing capacities and commission new capacities. At the same time, the unit capacities of units and power plants also increase, which ensures faster commissioning of capacities in the power system and an increase in the efficiency of power plants. Attention is also paid to the development of power plants based on renewable energy sources (hydraulic, solar, wind, etc.). One of the most important tasks in the power industry is to cover peak minimum and maximum loads, which is becoming increasingly important in connection with the growth of the power system's capacity. As is known, according to world indicators, the maneuverable capacities should be about 25% of the total power of the EPS. The most promising maneuverable capacities are hydroelectric power plants. However, in our country, hydroelectric power plants account for about 14.3%. This task will become more complicated with the introduction of capacities based on solar and wind energy and the commissioning of new hydroelectric and thermal power plants in the Republic. This is because RES capacities have a significant discontinuity even during the day, and the water resources in the Republic are primarily for irrigation and drainage purposes and are significantly variable during the season. One way to solve these problems in the world is the creation and use of pumped storage power plants (PSPP). The peculiarities of the creation and use of pumped storage power plants in our region are that the available hydro resources of our region are mainly of water management importance, while the task is also to increase the energy efficiency of existing reservoirs. Based on the foregoing, we can say that the development of methods for determining the economic efficiency of pumped storage power plants, taking into account direct and indirect effects, taking into account the peculiarities of their use in energy and water management systems of Uzbekistan is the main task for the present time. To solve the set tasks, a new methodology and program for substantiating the technical and economic indicators of pumped storage power plants in Uzbekistan's energy and water management systems have been developed. The schemes of using pumped storage power plants at four energy and water management facilities, that is, the Tuyamuyun hydro subunit, Arnasai, Talimarjan, and Khodjikent reservoirs, were considered, and for these facilities, based on the developed methodology and program, their technical and economic parameters of the pumped storage power plant were determined. Based on the results obtained, it can be said that using the PSPP in four facilities, it is possible to generate a total of about 418 MW of capacity and more than 930.0 million kWh of electricity, as well as to save 139 thousand tons of fuel equivalent per year, with this, the annual economic efficiency will be about 700.0 billion sums.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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