E3S Web Conf.
Volume 267, 20217th International Conference on Energy Science and Chemical Engineering (ICESCE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Chemistry Research and Chemical Preparation Process|
|Published online||04 June 2021|
Soman hydrolysis catalysed by hypochlorite ions
Institute of Chemical Defense (Army), Beijing, 102205, China
Sarin (GB) and soman (GD) are severely toxic nerve agents that react slowly in water, resulting in long-term poisoning of the water and a serious threat to personnel. Some ions can catalyse GB and GD hydrolysis in water; the relevant research for GB is detailed, whereas that for GD is relatively less so. In this paper, GD hydrolysis catalysed by hypochlorite (ClO−) ions was studied via kinetic experiments. A fluorite-ion-specific electrode was used to monitor F− ions produced, allowing the rate constant and half-life of the GD hydrolysis to be calculated. The results showed that ClO− ions promote GD hydrolysis well; the higher the concentration of ClO−, the faster the GD was hydrolysed. In NaClO solution at pH 8.0 with 3.22×10–3 M ClO− ions, the half-life of GD hydrolysis was 82.5 s, about 875 times shorter than that in water at pH 8.0. The rate constant for catalysis of GD hydrolysis by ClO- ions ++(kc1o−)++ was 2.6 M−1 s−1, about one quarter the value of ++koh− ++but over 1500 times greater than kB and ++kPO4,++ with B representing N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N’-2-ethanesulfonic acid present as a free base; this result indicated that ClO− ions catalyse GD hydrolysis well.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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