E3S Web Conf.
Volume 267, 20217th International Conference on Energy Science and Chemical Engineering (ICESCE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Environmental Chemistry Research and Chemical Preparation Process|
|Published online||04 June 2021|
Study on Kinetics of GD Hydrolysis in HCl aqueous
Institute of Chemical Defence, Army, Beijing, 102205, China
Organophosphate neurotoxic agents like Sarin (GB) and Soman (GD) are lethal to person. Except various kinds of decontaminants, they can be also decomposed in natural environment through nucleophilic reaction, where acidic or alkaline substance was to accelerate their hydrolysis. Most of the papers were about GB hydrolysis. Information on GD hydrolysis was relatively small, especially about kinetics of GD in acidic solution. In view of possible effect of positive ion and negative ion on hydrolysis reaction, a relatively simple composes solution, HCl aqueous solutions, was selected to investigate the factors affecting GD hydrolysis rate. Results showed that GD hydrolysis was accorded with the first-order kinetics equation if pH value was kept constant. Its rate constant was independent of GD initial concentration when the amount of H+ was excess than its requested amount. The apparent hydrolysis rate constant (kobs) in pH of 0.90 was about 0.202 min-1 at 20°C, no matter what initial concentration of GD was. The concentration of H+ was the most important factor affecting its rate. The rate constant (kobs) in HCl aqueous as a function of pH value (0.90~2.80) obeyed an equation in 25°C, that is kobs =0.17×10-0.82×pH. Reaction temperature had an obvious effect on hydrolysis rate of GD. Every 10°C increase in temperature, kobs of GD hydrolysis was improved about 2.5 times. The activation energy value (Ea) of GD hydrolysis in HCl aqueous with a pH value of 0.90 was approximately 64.25 kJ/mol.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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