E3S Web Conf.
Volume 269, 20212021 International Conference on Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Pollution and Hydraulical Studies (EEAPHS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||09 June 2021|
Effects of slope aspect on altitudinal pattern of soil C:N:P stoichiometry in alpine forest of Tibet
Institute of Tibet Plateau Ecology, Tibet Agricultural and Animal Husbandry University, Nyingchi, 860000, China
2 Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology in Tibetan Plateau (Tibet Agricultural & Animal Husbandry University), Ministry of Education, Nyingchi, 860000, China
3 Institute for Forest Resources & Environment of Guizhou, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Knowledge of altitudinal patterns in soil C, N and P distribution is important for understanding biogeochemical processes in mountainous forests, yet the influence of slope aspects on soil stoichiometry has been largely neglected in previous studies. In this paper, a total number of 150 topsoil samples at four altitudes (3700, 3900, 4100, 4380 m a.s.l.) on sunny and shady slopes of Sygera mountains in the Southeastern Tibet were collected. Soil C, N and P contents, and pH, were measured. Soil temperature, moisture and richness of plant species were investigated at each sampling site. The results showed that: 1) in sunny slope, soil C, N and P concentrations increased with the increase in altitude, whereas soil C:N, C:P, and N:P decreased along the altitudinal gradient on s. Soil moisture was the main regulator of soil nutrition and stoichiometric ratios. 2) In shady slope, soil C and N contents had no significant difference along the altitudinal gradient except the higher values at low altitude, whereas soil P increased first and then decreased. Soil C:N increased with the increase in altitude, whereas C:P and N:P decreased first and then increased. Soil temperature and species richness were the main factors influencing soil nutrition and stoichiometric ratios. 3) Decoupling of soil C:N:P stoichiometry was observed in shady slope owing to changes in soil pH and temperature. 4) The rich contents of soil C and P were observed at two slopes along the altitudinal gradient, and high capacity of N supply existed at the topsoil in shady slope. These results suggested that slope aspect plays an important role in shaping the altitudinal pattern of soil C:N:P stoichiometry in mountainous forests.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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