E3S Web Conf.
Volume 269, 20212021 International Conference on Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Pollution and Hydraulical Studies (EEAPHS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||09 June 2021|
Spatio-temporal response mechanism of physiological characteristics of Abies georgei var. smithii to altitude
Institute of Plateau Ecology, Tibet Institute of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Tibet, Linzhi 860000, China
2 Key Laboratory of Tibet Plateau Forest Ecology Ministry of Education, Linzhi 860000, China
3 National Field Scientific Observation and research station for Alpine forest ecosystems, Linzhi, Tibet, Linzhi 860000, China
4 CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abies georgei var. smithii (Abies George I varsmithorr. II (Viguie et Gaussen) Cheng et l.) belongs to Abies of Pinaceae, which is distributed in the southeast of Tibet, southwest of Sichuan and northwest of Yunnan. In this study, Abies georgei var. smithii in Sejila Mountain of southeastern Tibet was studied, the contents of Malondialdehyde (MDA), proline (pro), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), soluble sugar and chlorophyll as well as the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the leaves, twigs, tree stems and roots of Abies georgei var. smithii were measured at different altitudes in the growing and non-growing seasons, single factor analysis of variance and multiple comparison were used to process the data. The results showed that the contents of Malondialdehyde (MDA), proline (pro) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the roots of Abies georgei var. smithii were significantly higher than those of other tissues in both growing and non-growing seasons, the content of chlorophyll in the leaves increased at first and then decreased with the elevation gradient, on the contrary, the ratio of chlorophyll a/b (CHLA/CHLB) increased with the elevation gradient. The activities of Peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were the lowest. When the altitude was more than 4300m, the activities of POD and SOD decreased. The results showed that the physiological resistance of Abies georgei var. smithii decreased when the elevation was over 3900m, which was not beneficial to the growth and development of Abies georgei var. smithii, therefore, the distribution of Abies georgei var. smithii along the higher elevation gradient was limited by the unfavorable environmental factors at high altitude.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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