E3S Web Conf.
Volume 282, 2021International Conference “Ensuring Food Security in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic” (EFSC2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Development of Livestock Breeding, Plant Breeding, Seed Production and Aquaculture|
|Published online||05 July 2021|
Interaction of economically useful traits in cows of different breeds
1 Ural State Agricultural University, 42 Karl Liebknecht str., 620075 Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation
2 Ural Institute of the State Fire Service of the EMERCOM of Russia, 22 Mira str., 620062 Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A related Holstein breed has recently been used to improve domestic dairy cattle and create highly productive herds by purchasing semen from breeding bulls, as well as a large number of heifers and calves of foreign breeding. The purpose of the work is a comparative assessment of the productive qualities of Black Pied and Holstein cows of foreign breeding. Purebred Holstein cows differ from animals of Black Pied breed in milk yield per lactation. Cows of both breeds have fairly high suitability for machine milking. The priority remains with the animals of the Holstein breed of foreign selection. In terms of milking intensity and udder volume, they reliably surpass Black Pied cows at P≤0.05 - P≤0.01, respectively, in terms of indicators. Holstein cows were also the best in the udder index. Correlation coefficients between the productive qualities, as well as between the quantitative indicator of productivity and the qualitative indicators of the suitability of cows for machine milking, were the same or did not differ significantly. A positive correlation was established between milk yield and the duration of the service period from 0.1 to 0.05, depending on the breed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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