E3S Web Conf.
Volume 286, 202110th International Conference on Thermal Equipments, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Thermal Equipments and Processes|
|Published online||12 July 2021|
The Heat Transfer Performance of MWCNT, CuO, and Al2O3 Nanofluids in an Automotive Engine Radiator
1 Department of Power Mechanics Engineering, Engineering Technical Collage / Al-Najaf, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University (ATU), 31001 Najaf, Iraq
2 Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Najaf Technical Institute, 31001, Iraq
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The effect of enhancing heat transfer using three nanofluids, Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes MWCNT, Copper oxide CuO, and aluminum oxide Al2O3, have been experimentally studied on the automotive radiator with a concentration of 1% vol and different flow rates (4-8) l/min, air velocity of 3 m/s and inlet temperatures range (60-80) °C. The results showed that the use of nanofluids improved the thermal performance compared to the base fluid. Using the (MWCNT-Water) achieved 41.7% of Nusselt number where as, copper oxide (CuO) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3) have improved the Nussult number by 31.7 % and 12.3 % respectively. The Nusselt number showed an increase with the increase in the flow rate and the inlet temperature.
Key words: Nanofluid / Al2O3 / CuO / MWCNT / Automotive engine radiator / Nusselt number
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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