E3S Web Conf.
Volume 288, 2021International Symposium “Sustainable Energy and Power Engineering 2021” (SUSE-2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||14 July 2021|
The influence of changing resistance on the determination accuracy of short circuits in power lines
State Energy Institute of Turkmenistan, st Bayramhan 62, c. Mary 745400, Turkmenistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In high-voltage electrical networks, the occurrence of short circuits leads to forced interruptions in the power supply of large consumers and disruptions in intersystem communications. More than 65% of all types of occurring short circuits are single-phase short circuits . In a single-phase short circuits (SPSC), a change in the zero sequence resistance (ZSR) especially significantly affects the inaccuracy in detection of damage sites (DDS). When choosing DDS methods, preference is given to remote methods according to the parameters of the emergency conditions (PEC), which are recorded by special instruments or determined from the oscillograms of emergency conditions. The use of modern microprocessor-based relay protection and automation devices (RPA)  or emergency event recorders allow viewing the oscillograms of emergency events. In a branched 110 kV network with a complex configuration, the DDS accuracy is influenced by a change in the ZSR. Averaging of specific parameters often leads to erroneous results. The choice of one value from the oscillograms puts the maintenance personnel in difficulty. In the scientific work, the influence of changes in the ZSR on the accuracy of the DDS is considered. The changes in the ZSR are influenced by the position of the on-load voltage regulator (OLTC) switches of transformers with a grounded neutral. In the work, for a more accurate record of the specific parameters of the network, a calculation program has been compiled, which allows making changes in the calculated specific parameters of the network. To determine the short-circuit current from the oscillograms, it is proposed to determine the stable state of accidents in which the current value will be approximately the same. The analysis of the oscillograms of SPSC in 110-220 kV networks in the southern part of the electric power system of Turkmenistan has been carried out.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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