E3S Web Conf.
Volume 292, 20212021 2nd International Conference on New Energy Technology and Industrial Development (NETID 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Environmental Sustainable Development and Industrial Transformation|
|Published online||09 September 2021|
Interpretation of Economic Growth and Water Pollution Intsity Based on EKC model
1 Information Engineering College, Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, Lanzhou, Gansu 730020, China
2 Key Laboratory of E-commerce, Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, Lanzhou, Gansu 730020, China
About the authors: LI Qiang, born in 1973, master, professor, mainly engaged in e-commerce data mining and machine learning; HUANG Jianmin (1997-), born in Ganzhou Jiangxi Province, is a master candidate. His research interests include natural language processing and machine learning; E-mail: Huangjm97@163.com
Based on the extended Environmental Kuznets model (EKC) and the spatial econometric method, this paper analyzes the emission intensity data of water pollution of Chinese provinces and cities from 2004 to 2018 to identify the key factors that could result in water pollution by different periods of time and by different regions as well as to initiate discussions over potential policies to be taken in the future. The results have two implications: on the one hand, water pollution is highly spatially correlated among different Chinese regions and the economic growth indicators such as GDP per capita and the number of lights show an inverted U-shaped nonlinear relationship with the intensity of water pollution emissions. As water pollution demonstrates both leakage effect and spillover effect, it is important to strengthen the implementation strategy featuring comprehensive planning and joint prevention and control. This paper also locates the performance of each region on the EKC curve. As demonstrated in the results, Shanghai, Beijing and Tianjin have become the first ones to manage to cross the inflection point and maintain at this level. Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong and other eastern coastal areas are situated in the peak of the EKC curve, with enormous emission reduction pressure. Most of the provinces in the central region are located at the left side of the peak, and are suffering from serious water pollution resulted from rapid economic growth. Meanwhile, the intensity of water pollution in the western region of China is increasing rapidly. It is integral to seize the opportunity of supply-side reform to speed up the industrial restructuring, and try not to repeat the old lesson of treatment after pollution. In conclusion, it is suggested that governments at all levels should formulate and customize their policies based on their location on the EKC curve, so as to achieve positive dynamics between economic growth and water pollution control.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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