E3S Web Conf.
Volume 292, 20212021 2nd International Conference on New Energy Technology and Industrial Development (NETID 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Environmental Sustainable Development and Industrial Transformation|
|Published online||09 September 2021|
Changes of retinal thickness in macular area of myopia children
1 Huaqiao University Hospital, Ophthalmology, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, 362021, China
2 Fujian Provincial government Hospital, Ophthalmology, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, 350003, China
Objective: To study the changes of macular retinal thickness in children with moderate and low myopia by frequency domain OCT. Methods: 108 school-age children aged 7-12 years were selected and enrolled into the group. Among them, 58 cases (116 eyes) with simple moderate and low myopia in the myopia group and 50 cases (100 eyes) with straight eyes in the emmetropia group. The retinal thickness in different parts of macular area was compared between the two groups, and the correlation between retinal thickness in different parts of macular area and diopter and axial length was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results: The length of eye axis in moderate and low myopia group was longer than that in emmetropia group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in CMT(Central Macular Thickness) and I-AMT(average macular thickness of inner circle) between the two groups (P > 0.05). The AMT(Average Macular Thickness) and O-AMT(average macular thickness of outer circle) in moderate and low myopia group were lower than those in emmetropia group, and the differences were all statistically significant (P < 0.05). The thickness of the retina below the macula and the nasal side was positively correlated with the refractive power in patients with moderate to low-grade myopia (r=0.201, 0.302, P＜0.05), and the thickness of the retina around the macula was negatively correlated with the refractive power (r=-0.326, P＜0.05). Conclusion: There is no significant difference in macular central retinal thickness between children with moderate and low myopia and normal children, and the thickness of paracentral retina tends to become thinner with the deepening of myopia.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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